The essential first-aid guide to new borns!
Any new mom will tell you, caring for an infant is like a roller coaster ride. The smallest of things send your heart racing and your mind panicking. Your protective instinct kicks in and all you want to do is make sure your little one is safe. But did you know that infant medical care, until the baby reaches 1 year of age, is completely different from adults or even older babies. They have a different set of medicines that need to be used and even the simplest ointments have to be verified and then applied.
In such a case, when something happens to your little baby in the middle of the night, or at a time you can’t reach your paediatrician, it can be very scary for the parents. And while we don’t recommend giving any medicines to your baby without prior medical advice, there are certain safe first aids rules that will help you navigate a lot of small ailments. Here is everything you need to know about handling medical emergencies in a baby, safely.
This is a problem most moms have encountered. Your baby crying endlessly can be heartbreaking, especially when you don’t know the reason behind it. However, even before you bring the little one home, make sure you have a bottle of Colicaid in your medical kit. This magical medicine is usually given when you don’t know why your baby is crying. It mostly heals the stomach, which is the general cause of such behaviour. This off-the-counter medicine is super safe and must for new moms to have.
Umbilical cord falling off:
As we all know, the umbilical cord attached to the baby’s navel falls off within the first few weeks of life. It can happen anytime, and it’s very routine. But sometimes, it can lead to bleeding from the navel. And if you aren’t aware of this, it can lead to a lot of panic. However, this is fairly common and all you need to do is clean the area with alcohol swabs and keep it dry. It will go off in a few days at max.
In the case of infants, a body temperature upto 100.4 is considered normal and not worrying. But if the temperature exceeds that, it is a fever. And if it goes above 102 degrees, it is to be taken seriously. However, there are a few rules to checking the baby’s temperature. Digital thermometers are the best. Temperature in infants is most accurate when taken rectally, but If you aren’t comfortable with that, you need to add a degree to whatever comes from under the armpit. And you never check fever from the mouth or use a mercury temperature. Check with your paediatrician at the time of going home and keep a paracetamol handy. Also check for the medicine to give if the fever crosses 102 because the medicines usually change at that temperature.
All infants are given some vitamins or supplements that are to be taken everyday. And their medicines come in the form of drops that need to be measured accurately. While medicines come with a dropper, it’s good practice to have a syringe with you that you can use to measure different dosages. Also keep a palada to help feed them the medicines with ease.
Bumps and falls:
Once your little one starts turning and crawling, the fear of them falling or hurting themselves is very real. It’s practically impossible to find a baby who hasn’t fallen off or hurt himself a few times. In most cases its fine, but if your baby continues to cry incessantly, seems dazed or confused, sleeps for extremely long after or has a bump, talk to your doctor immediately.
Colds and coughs:
Given the general health environment, it can be scary if your child develops a cold or a cough. But the treatment for infants is very different. You never give them steam directly but can steam your bathroom and take them in. You don’t use adult Vicks but get the baby version. And the safest thing to use and keep is an ajwain bag which you can heat and place on their chest.